The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Wednesday introduced on-tap liquidity of Rs 50,000 crore at repo rate under which banks can support healthcare stakeholders like vaccine makers, hospitals as well as patients till March 31, 2022.
Banks are being incentivised to sanction these loans under priority sector classifications, said RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das laid while outlining contours of calibrated measures to counter the pandemic. Banks are expected to create a Covid loan book under the scheme.
By way of an additional incentive, said Das, such banks will be eligible to park their surplus liquidity up to the size of Covid loan book with the RBI under the reverse repo window at a rate which is 25 basis points lower than the repo rate or 40 bps higher than the reverse repo rate.
Besides, a targeted long-term repo operation up to Rs 10,000 crore will be started for small finance banks. The upper limit is Rs 10 lakh per borrower. Small finance banks can now on-lend to smaller micro finance institutions (MFIs) of asset size up to Rs 500 crore. Small finance banks on-lending to MFIs will be categorised as priority sector. The facility will be available till March 31 next year.
Individuals and MSMEs borrowers can avail one-time restructuring till September 30. This covers those having exposure up to Rs 25 crore and those that were standard as of March 31 this year.
The moratorium period under restructuring 1.0 can now be extended up to two years. In addition, banks can use counter-cyclical provisions for the purpose of bad loan provisioning. Das also announced rationalisation of KYC compliance. Limited KYC can now be used till December 1.
The RBI will allow states to remain in overdraft for a maximum of 50 days (from 36 days earlier). The number of consecutive overdraft days will go up to three weeks from two weeks earlier.
This facility pertains to funds under the Ways and Means Advances. Das said the devastating speed with which the virus affects different regions of the country has to be matched by swift-footed and wide-ranging actions that are calibrated, sequenced and well-timed so as reach out to various sections of society and business, right down to the smallest and the most vulnerable.